Many thanks to Mrs Glennie for this week’s Literacy Focus.

 The Rules

1. Add -s to regular plurals. Adding an s is all you need to do to form a regular plural: file/files, centre/centres, girl/girls, book/books, pen/pens, computer/computers. 

2. Adding -es to words ending in -ch, -ss, -sh, -x, -z to form a plural: wash/washes, box/boxes, match/matches, glass/glasses

*There’s one exception to this rule. If the -ch ending is pronounced with a ‘k’ then add -s (stomach/stomachs)
 
3. Changing to -ves or -fs. Some words ending in -f or -fe change to -ves: knife/knives, life/lives, wife/wives, shelf/shelves *exceptions add -s – proof/proofs, chief/chiefs, belief / beliefs. There are many exceptions – you need to listen for the sound of the word.

  • Words ending in -ff add -s cliffs, sniffs, toffs, stiffs, tiffs…

 

https://howtospell.co.uk

Examples

miss => miss + es => misses
kiss => kiss + es => kisses
watch => watch + es => watches
teach => teach + es => teaches
wash => wash + es => washes
push => push + es => pushes
mix => mix + es => mixes
fix => fix + es => fixes
buzz => buzz + es => buzzes

 

  • knife => knives
  • hoof => hooves
  • self => selves
  • elf => elves
  • half => halves
  • leaf => leaves

Exercise

You try:

1.       box
2.       branch
3.       brush
4.       bus
5.       dish
6.       dress
7.       fetch
8.       fox
9.       gas

10.   fizz

11.   glass
12.   kiss
13.   lunch
14.   march
15.   rush
16.   sandwich
17.   stitch
18.   tax
19.   wish

20.   loaf

21.   calf

22.   half

23.   knife

24.   life

25.   thief

26.   wife

27.   sheaf

28.   shelf

 

 

Answers

1.       boxes
2.       branches
3.       brushes
4.       buses
5.       dishes
6.       dresses
7.       fetches
8.       foxes
9.       gases

10.   fizzes

11.   glasses
12.   kisses
13.   lunches
14.   marches
15.   rushes
16.   sandwiches
17.   stitches
18.   taxes
19.   wishes

20.   loaves

21.   calves

22.   halves

23.   knives

24.   lives

25.   thieves

26.   wives

27.   sheaves

28.   shelves

 

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