Hyphens and Dashes
Where should the hyphen be put to make these clearer?
Father to be stabbed to death in bar
30 odd members
Old furniture dealer
A little known city
Recovered the sofa
David Crystal describes the hyphen as “the most unpredictable of marks.” It can however remove ambiguity from a sentence (see examples above).
A hyphen is the shorter mark that is often used to link two or more words together. It can also be seen at the end of a line to break up a whole word that won’t fit into the space.
Some hyphenated words:
user-friendly up-to-date jump-start well-known
back-to-back part-time next-to-last short-term
The Dash is the longer line used as punctuation in sentences – often instead of a comma or brackets.
Trump won the election—granted, Clinton got the popular vote—but he won.
There are actually two types of dash, the en-dash and the em-dash. The en-dash is the shorter version of the dash, named en-dash as it should be the same length as the letter ‘n’.
To insert an en-dash, try typing: 1993 then space, then – then 1995 then space. It will convert to 1993 – 1995.
To insert an em-dash, type ‘Something’ then –, then ‘Something’ again with no gaps, Word will automatically change it to Something—Something.